Red Sokoto (Red Skin, Sokoto Red), Kano Brown (Kyasuwa), Katsina Light Brown, Mambilla, Bornu White (Buduma (Chad), Damagaran dapple-grey; Maradi in Niger
West-African Twisted Horn
A relatively small sized goat (60 cm height and weight of 27 kg), but are generally larger in Niger; fine head with prominent forehead; mucous membrane is black; both sexes have short to medium horns; ears are short and usually carried horizontally, but longer and semi-pendulous in Niger; toggles are rare; beard of profuse hair in males but usually absent in females; forehead often covered with hair which is often longer, bushier and darker in males than in females; males carry a light mane extending to the shoulders; neck is short, thin and very mobile; coat colour usually red in Nigeria but lighter and occasionally almost chestnut in Maradi; males are invariably darker than females and may have a black back stripe; tail hair usually black; known for the good quality skin (Wilson, 1991).
The main centres of distribution are northern Nigeria (the Sokoto and Kano States) and southern Niger (Maradi and Tessoua Departments); however, subtypes with colour variations are found to the west and east of this region; they are owned mainly by the Hausa-speaking agricultural tribes; the climate is semi-arid with a single rainfall season of 4 to 6 months; the production system is predominantly agro-pastoral and agro-sylvo-pastoral where economic trees are also grown (Wilson, 1991).
One of the Savannah goat group. Its relatively small size indicates possible crossing with forest or Dwarf goats before selection in its present area of distribution; the relatively high prolificacy of this goat would tend to support a hypothesis that such a fusion has occurred (Wilson, 1991).