Sahel, West African Long-legged, Desert, Sudan, Fulani (Peul, Peulh), Voltaique, Maure, Touareg, Arabian, Makatia (Algeria).
West-African Twisted Horn
Large size (70–80 cm height) and body weight of 40 kg for males and 27 kg for females; head is small, fine and triangular in shape with flat forehead; horns are usually present in both sexes: they are flattened in cross-section, markedly ribbed, directed straight upwards and backwards, diverging more or less then turning inwards at the tips, homonymously twisted with low spiral, up to 40 cm in length and sometimes horizontal; female horns are finer, scimitar shaped, or curving out and in; ears are long (11-21 cm) and wide, usually pendent or semi-pendulous; vestigial ears occur; beards and toggles are common; manes are common in males; neck is long and thin; colour is very variable between subtypes (Wilson, 1991). This breed is highly susceptible to trypanosomiasis. It is used for milk, meat and skin.
Widely distributed in the semi-arid and arid zones of the Sahel, north of the 12°N parallel from central Chad in the east to the Atlantic coast in the west and well into the southern Sahara; in recent years these goats have penetrated farther south following drought. They are not trypano-tolerant and do not survive for long in forest and dense savannah. The production systems are agro-pastoral, pastoral or peri-urban (Wilson, 1991). It is also found in parts of southern Algaria and recognised as a variety of the Sahelian.
These goats are part of the Savannah group, which includes many Saharan types from Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco (Wilson, 1991).