Red Fulani

M'Bororo, Red Bororo, Wodabe, Fellata, Abori, Bodadi, Brahaza, Rahaji
Special Characteristics: 
Long (up to 140cm) lyre-shaped horns; plain red coat colour; temperament can be nervous and intractable; they are poor milkers.
Main Location: 
Inhabit a wide area from eastern Mali, through Niger, northern Nigeria and western Chad to northern Cameroon; also recently spread into the north of the Central African Republic, western Sudan and even in the Gambela region of western Ethiopia.
The origins and classification of the Fulani remains controversial; one school of thought is of the opinion that the Fulani cattle are truly long-horned zebus that first arrived in Africa from Asia on the east coast; these are believed to have been introduced into West Africa by the Arab invaders during the seventh century, AD, roughly about the same time that the short-horned zebus arrived into East Africa. This theory is supported by the appearance of the skull as well as the thoracic hump of the Fulani cattle. Another school of thought contends that these cattle originated from the Horn of Africa, present-day Ethiopia and Somalia, and that interbreeding between the short-horned zebu (which arrived in the Horn around the first millennium BC) and the ancient Hamitic Longhorn and/or Brachyceros Shorthorn (which had arrived much earlier) occurred in the Horn about 2000-1500 BC. The subsequent successive introductions of the short-horned zebu cattle are believed to have displaced most of these Sanga cattle into southern Africa. During this period of constant movements of people and animals within Africa, some of these Sanga cattle probably intermixed with the short-horned, thoracic-humped cattle to produce the so-called thoracic-humped Sanga. The latter may have migrated, most probably along with the spread of Islam, westerly to constitute what are today the lyre-horned cattle of West and Central Africa, including the Fulani cattle. This theory is supported by the observation that the Red Fulani cattle appear similar in type to the Sanga of central and southern Africa, except for their characteristic loose skin and bigger thoracically placed hump. Presumably these cattle received less Indo-Pakistani blood, which was introduced by the Berber tribes, than the white coloured Fulani breeds. They may still contain more genes of the early type cervico-thoracic humped zebu.